Welcome to Ukraine
Ukraine is located in the Central East Europe between 44''20' and 52''20' N and 22''5' and 41''15'E, in the southeastern part of the East European plain. The capital city of Ukraine is Kyiv.
Ukraine’s geographic position is quite advantageous since the most important transportation routes are crossing its territory linking West Europe with countries of Trans-Caucasia and Central Asia.
Ukraine is the largest country entirely located in Europe. Speaking in numbers, it has an area of 603,628 sq. km. It represents 5.7% of the total area of Europe and 0.44% of the world’s dry land surface. Ukraine stretches 1,316 km from west to east and 893 km from north to south. According to measurements made in 1887 by the geographical society and the military department of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the geographical center of Europe is in present-day Ukraine, as indicated by a special signpost near the town of Rakhiv in Zakarpattya Region.
The territory of Ukraine consists of the Autonomy Republic of Crimea (Law of Ukraine No 1207-VII of 15 April 2014 On Securing the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens and the Legal Regime on the Temporarily Occupied Territory of Ukraine) and 24 regions (oblast): Vinnytsya region, Volyn region, Dnipropetrovsk region, Donetsk region, Zhytomyr region, Zakarpattya region, Zaporizhzhya region, Ivano-Frankivsk region, Kyiv region, Kirovohrad region, Luhansk region, Lviv region, Mykolayiv region, Odesa region, Poltava region, Rivne region, Sumy region, Ternopil region, Kharkiv region, Kherson region, Khmelnytsky region, Cherkasy region, Chernihiv region, Chernivtsi region.
There are 490 districts, 460 cities, 907 towns and 10196 villages in Ukraine.
Ukraine borders with Belarus to the north, Poland to the west, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and Russia to the east and northeast. Its southern territories are washed by the Black Sea and the Azov Sea. Its largest Black Sea ports are Odesa, Illichivsk, Sevastopol and Kherson, and its largest Azov Sea ports are Mariupol, Berdyansk and Kerch. Due to its advantageous geographical location and its branched network of air, sea, railroad and motor transport, Ukraine is a transit point for passengers and cargoes from various countries.
Most of the country is flat, with mountains only in its western part, as well as its southern part, Crimea. These are the Carpathian Mountains and the Crimean Mountains. The highest Ukrainian mountain peak is Hoverla (2,061 m) in the Carpathian Mountains.
Ukraine’s climate is mainly moderately continental. However, there is a subtropical area in the very southern part of Crimea. That’s why the southern coast of Crimea has a great many sea resorts. Ukraine’s nature is very diverse and enchants even seasoned travelers with its dense forests, endless steppes and midland rivers. In spring and summer, they are a cheerful green color; in autumn they are bright yellow, orange and red, while in winter everything is covered in blankets of snow. Ukrainian winters are snowy, but not too cold, with snow usually arriving in late November or in December. Therefore, Ukraine offers you many different impressions!
Ukraine has a wide outlet to the Black Sea and Sea of Azov that link it with countries of the Mediterranean. Also through the sea Ukraine borders with Bulgaria, Turkey and Georgia. The area of the exclusive (sea) economic zone of Ukraine is over 82 thousand sq. km.
According to the Constitution of Ukraine the state symbols of the country are:
The State Flag of Ukraine.
The State Coat of Arms of Ukraine.
The State Anthem of Ukraine.
The monetary unit of the present-day Ukraine is hryvnia.
Ukraine is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe.
The population of Ukraine is 42,929 million people. 69 % of Ukrainians live in cities and 31 % - in rural areas. Ukraine is inhabited by people belonging to more than 110 ethnic groups.
At present, the average density of population totals 70 people per 1 sq. km.
Kyiv is the largest city and the capital of Ukraine. It is the most significant political-and-managerial, economic, scientific, and cultural center of the state, and also is the center of Kyiv region and Kyiv-Svyatoshyn district. Kyiv embraces some 2.6 mn inhabitants. The city is divided in 10 districts. Kyiv hosts the Verkhovna Rada (Supreme Council) of Ukraine, the President of Ukraine and its Secretariat, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, and most state institutions. There are more than 20 institutions of higher education in Kyiv (Taras Shevchenko National University, National Technical University “Kiev Polytechnics”, medical university, and many others). Also, Kyiv accommodated the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and its numerous research institutes. Among them, a special heed should be given to the world-famous E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute. Besides, Kyiv is notable for the National Opera and Ballet Theatre, Ukrainian and Russian drama theatres, lots of museums, architectural sights, and picturesque parks (especially those located on the near-Dnipro slopes).
Kyiv is one of the largest industrial centers of Ukraine. In particular, Kyiv is well known due to its precision and complex machine-building, and instrument-making industries. Besides, Kyiv hosts a number of enterprises that represent light industry (knitwear, garment, and shoe factories, silk-making integrated works), and food-processing industry (confectionary factory, meat-processing plant, milk and bread-baking plants, etc.).
Kyiv is the large transportation center. Railroad, river, and motorcar roads, and airlines connect Kyiv with other Ukrainian cities and numerous countries worldwide. Also, Kyiv develops its own subway.
The official language of Ukraine is Ukrainian.
Higher education in Ukraine has always been and still preserves high quality of education. Over 20 years of independence the country has built a well-developed, competitive and ramified system of national education in the European educational area.
At the moment Ukraine runs over 766 higher educational institutions of all accreditation levels and forms of ownership. Our graduates, especially those who have diplomas in mathematics, physics, medicine, aviation and naval professions, engineering and chemical technologies are in demand all over the world which is evidenced by the fact that Ukraine has signed the Lisbon Convention on Mutual recognition of qualifications of higher education in European region.
The contingent of students of higher educational establishments of I-IV of levels of accreditation is made by over 1 millions 676 thousands of persons, including over 70 thousands of foreign students.
Annually higher educational establishments of I-II of levels of accreditation are produce over 79,1 thousands of persons, by higher educational establishments of III-IV of levels of accreditation over 405,4 thousands of persons.
Ukraine today is the most interesting country among the former Soviet Union republics where one can study, work and rest, get acquainted with the history of the country. Ukrainian cuisine is one of the best in Europe. It has its own traditions and is famous for its great variety and good taste qualities. In Ukraine works a multi-branch transport system due to which you can get to any place both inside and outside the country by air on by land. The city public transport network includes trams, trolleybuses, buses and taxi. Big cities have a metro.
The academic year in higher educational establishments in Ukraine starts on the 1st of September. It is divided into two terms, the first term is from September to the end of January and the second begins in February and ends in June. Each term lasts 17-18 weeks, followed by a 3 week examination period.
Foreign citizens who would like to enter the higher educational establishments in Ukraine get visas at the Embassy or diplomatic representative offices of Ukraine in their countries and on the grounds of invitation from Ukrainian State Center of International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sports of Ukraine or a higher educational institution.
All leisure and sports facilities are available both for foreigner and Ukrainian students. Tuition, accommodation and other facilities fees are fixed in the corresponding agreements. In comparison with the western countries education and accommodation fees are quite reasonable in Ukraine for all strata of population. Accommodation for students is not a problem at all. Almost all institutions offer accommodation at a moderate price. You can also rent an apartment.
Ukrainian higher educational establishments welcome everybody giving them an opportunity to obtain education of the international level.
Ukrainian people are well known as a hospitable nation and we are sure that any visit to our country will be useful, interesting and exciting.